Research & Publications on Human Trafficking

Literature Review of CSEC Feb. 2014

Literature Review: Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children
(Published 2014)
Prepared by The Southern [California] Area Consortium of Human Services (SACHS)
This will highlight an array of current efforts and components that merit additional attention when considering residential placement types and the provision of services to this vulnerable population.

Estimating the Size and Structure of the Underground Commercial Sex Economy in Eight Major US CitiesEstimating the Size and Structure of the Underground Commercial Sex Economy in Eight Major US Cities
(Published 2014)
Aims to measure the size of the unlawful/underground commercial sex economy (UCSE) in the United States and explores the extent to which the UCSE and other commercial sex activities are related.

Out of the Shadows: A Tool for the Identification of Victims of Human Trafficking
human-trafficking-identification-tool-and-user-guidelines(Published June 2014)
A screening tool for use by victim service providers and law enforcement when faced with someone who may be a victim of  human trafficking. The Tool: A 30-topic questionnaire that was tested by service providers and validated by Vera researchers, is the result of a two-year study funded by the National Institute of Justice. Included with the tool are newly-validated best practices for interviewing possibly victims.

Date: 2014 Description: Trafficking in Persons Report 2014. - State Dept Image[International] Trafficking in Persons Report 2014
(Published June 2014)
“This year’s Trafficking in Persons Report offers a roadmap for the road ahead as we confront the scourge of trafficking.”  John F. Kerry, Secretary of State

Measuring Success: A Guide to Becoming an Evidence-Based Practice

Voices for Victims: Lawyers Against Human Trafficking: Tool Kit for Bar Associations (American Bar Association)

Human Trafficking: A guide for criminal justice professionals (Wisconsin’s Office of Attorney General)

Representing Victims of Human Trafficking in Massachusetts

Ending the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children: A Call for Multi-System Collaboration in California

Services Available to Victims of Human Trafficking: A Resource Guide for Social Service Providers

Demanding Justice Project: Benchmark Assessment 2013: “…Demand, like a thick fog, seems impossible to sweep up and contain. We hope to bring more light to the issue with the Demanding Justice Project, the first phase of which is contained within this report.”

Comprehensive Services for Survivors of Human Trafficking: Findings from Clients in Three Communities has in-depth interviews documenting victims’ service needs, their experiences using Office for Victims of Crime-funded services, and barriers to services.

Identifying Challenges to Improve the Investigation and Prosecution of State and Local Human Trafficking Cases (2012)  focuses on challenges in the investigation and prosecution of state and local human trafficking cases in a sample of jurisdictions across the United States. 

Federal Strategic Action Plan on Services for Victims of Human Trafficking in the United States for 2013-2017: This plan provides steps that federal agencies will take to ensure that all victims of human trafficking in the United States are identified and have access to the services they need to recover. This includes steps to create a victim services network that is comprehensive, trauma-informed, and responsive to the needs of all victims.

Our Great HobbyOur Great Hobby: An Analysis of Online Networks for Buyers of Sex in Illinois “focuses on the exchange of information among men who post on the USA Sex Guide in Illinois regarding what they call their ‘great hobby,’ buying sex. … sheds light on the attitudes of a segment of men who buy sex … offers a unique glimpse into a world that remains hidden and often inaccessible to researchers.”

The State of Human Trafficking in California 2012

The State of Human Trafficking in California 2012 
California Attorney General’s Office, California Department of Justice

 

The Trafficking in Persons Report 2012The Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report 
U.S. Department of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Person, 2013

 

Human Trafficking Trends in the United States 2007-2012Human Trafficking Trends in the United States 2007-2012 
National Human Trafficking Resource Center, Nov. 2013

 

Human Trafficking in California 2007

Human Trafficking in California 2007
California Alliance to Combat Trafficking and Slavery Task Force in October 2007; administered by the California Attorney General’s Office

The Rise of Mobile and the Diffusion of Technology-Facilitated Trafficking

The Rise of Mobile and the Diffusion of Technology-Facilitated Trafficking (2012)
USC Annenberg Center on Communication, Leadership and Policy, November 2012

 

Human Trafficking Online:  The Role of Social Networking Sites and Online Classifieds

Human Trafficking Online: The Role of Social Networking Sites and Online Classifieds

USC Annenberg Center on Communication, Leadership and Policy, September 2011

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents

Special Report: Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010 
U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, April 2011

Anti-Human Trafficking Task Force and Operations E-GuideAnti-Human Trafficking Task Force Strategy and Operations e-Guide (PDF)
Department of Justice Office for Victims of Crime and Bureau of Justice Assistance.

 

Guidelines on Law Enforcement Response to Human Trafficking

POST Guidelines on Law Enforcement Response to Human Trafficking 2008
California Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training, 2008.

 

Freedom Denied: Forced Labor in CaliforniaFreedom Denied: Forced Labor in California

Human Rights Center, University of California, Berkeley, February 2005.

Binational, Multi-State Survey on Human Trafficking Legislation and Collaboration

Binational, Multi-State Survey on Human Trafficking Legislation and Collaboration
Produced by the Arizona State University – North American Center for Trans-border Studies, in partnership with Council of State Governments West, Conference of Western Attorneys General Alliance Partnership, and the Borders Governors Conference

Project Respect protocol for Washington State

Washington State Model Protocol For Commercially Sexually Exploited Children
The Center for Children & Youth Justice worked with 200 stakeholders to develop a statewide model that identifies sexually exploited children, offers them immediate safe haven and access to services and counseling. The new protocol is being implemented in six counties and shows early promise of breaking down silos between agencies. (Source)

A National Overview Demand Reduction Efforts

A National Overview of Prostitution and Sex Trafficking Demand Reduction Efforts
The report is intended to serve as an introduction for those considering applying anti-demand tactics in their communities, and for those at the state government level who are considering policies, statutes, and infrastructure investments supporting local efforts.

Blueprint: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Domestic Sex Trafficking of Girls
The report identifies the key components of a comprehensive, cooperative approach to tackling this national tragedy. The report highlights a number of hurdles to combating this issue, including the fact that trafficked girls are often treated as criminals and arrested for prostitution, rather than given the treatment and support they need. The authors make clear that agencies need to work together and receive training to recognize indicators of victimization. The report also contains encouraging news: new approaches are getting positive results.